Information about Volkswagen car company part 2

earlier this post please read -  Information about Volkswagen Car company part 1

1974 to 1990

Information about Volkswagen car company part 2

Sales of Volkswagen in the United States and Canada fell badly in the 1980s, despite the success of models like Golf elsewhere. The American car companies and Japan car companies were able to compete with similar products at lower prices. Sales in the United States were 293,595 in 1980, but by 1984 they were down to 177,709. The introduction of the 2nd-generation Golf, GTI and Jetta models helped Volkswagen briefly in North America. Motor Trend named the GTI is its Car of the Year for 1985, and Volkswagen rose in the J.D. Power buyer satisfaction ratings to 8th place in 1985, up from 22nd a year earlier. VW's American sales broke 200,000 in 1985 and 1986 before resuming the downward trend from earlier in the decade. Chairman of company Carl Hahn decided to expand the company worldwide (mostly in developing countries), and the New Stanton, Pennsylvania factory closed on 14th July 1988. Meanwhile, four years after signing a cooperation agreement with the Spanish car maker SEAT in 1982, Hahn expanded the company by purchasing a majority of share of SEAT up to 75 percent by the end of 1986, which VW bought outright in 1990. On 4 July 1985, Volkswagenwerk AG was renamed to Volkswagen AG. While Volkswagen's range of all cars soon became similar to that of other large European Carmakers, the Golf has been the mainstay of the Volkswagen lineup since its introduction, and the mechanical basis for several other cars of the company. There are seven generations of the Volkswagen Golf, the first of which was produced in summer of 1974 until the autumn of 1983 (sold as the Rabbit in the United States and Canada and as the Caribe in Latin America). Its chassis also spawned the Volkswagen Scirocco sports coupe, Volkswagen Jetta sedan, Volkswagen Golf Cabriolet convertible, and Volkswagen Caddy pickup. North American production of the Rabbit commenced at the Volkswagen Westmoreland Assembly Plant near New Stanton, Pennsylvania in 1978. It would be produced in the United States as Rabbit until the spring of 1984. The second-generation Golf hatchback/Jetta sedan ran from Oct 1983 until the autumn of 1991, and a North American version produced at Westmoreland Assembly went on sale at the start of the 1985 year. The production numbers of the first-generation Golf has continued to grow annually in South Africa as  Citi Golf, with minor modifications to the interior, engine, and chassis, using tooling relocated from the New Stanton, Pennsylvania plant when that site began to build the Second Generation of Car.
Volkswagen entered the supermini market in 1975 with the Volkswagen Polo car, a stylish and spacious three-door hatchback designed by Bertone. It was a strong seller in West Germany and most of the rest of Western Europe, being one of the first foreign small cars to prove popular in Britain. It had started out in 1974 as the Audi 50, which was only available in certain markets and was less popular. The Polo entered a market sector already being dominated by the Fiat 127 and Renault 5, and which before long would also include the Austin Metro and Ford Fiesta.
In 1981, the second-generation Polo launched and sold as a hatchback and "coupe", was an even greater success for Volkswagen. Its practicality, despite the lack of a five-door version, helped ensure even stronger sales than its predecessor, and it continued to sell well after a makeover in 1990, finally being replaced by an all-new version of this car in 1994. Also arriving in 1981 were the second generation of the larger Passat and a second generation of the Volkswagen Scirocco coupe. The original Scirocco had been launched in 1974 to compete with affordable four-seater coupes.
In 1983 the 2nd version Golf was launched. At the beginning of 1988, the third generation Passat was the next major car launch and Volkswagen did not produce a hatchback version of  Passat, despite the rising popularity of the hatchback body style throughout Europe. after launching the B3 Passat, Volkswagen launched the Corrado, for the replacement of Scirocco, although the Scirocco remained in production until 1992.

1991 To 1999

Volkswagen launched the third-generation of Golf in 1991, which was European Car of the Year for 1992. Volkswagen's Golf Mk3 and Jetta arrived in North America in 1993. The sedan version of the Golf was badged Vento in Europe but remained Jetta in the U.S. The Scirocco and the Corrado were both Golf-based coupes.
Sharan was launched in Europe in 1995, the result of a joint venture with Ford company also resulted in the Ford Galaxy and SEAT Alhambra. Volkswagen unveiled the J Mays-designed Concept One in 1994, a "retro"-themed concept car with a resemblance to the original Beetle, based on the platform of the Polo. Due to a positive response to the concept a production version was developed as the New Beetle which was based on the Golf's larger platform.
The company's evolution of its model range was continued with the Golf Mk4 which was introduced at the end of 1997 ( North America in 1999), its chassis spawned a host of other cars within the Volkswagen Group; the Volkswagen Bora, SEAT Toledo, SEAT Leon, Audi A3, Audi TT, and Skoda Octavia. Other main models during the decade include the Polo, a smaller car than the Golf, and the larger Passat for the segment above the Golf.
The company launched the new Lupo city car in 1998. they announced the first "3-litre" car in 1999, a lightweight version of the Lupo that could travel 100 km with only 3-liters of diesel—making it the world's most fuel-efficient car at the time.

2000 To present: Further expansion

In 2005 The sixth-generation Passat and the fifth-generation Jetta both debuted. VW announced plans to expand its lineup further by bringing back the Scirocco by 2008. Other models in Wolfgang Bernhard's "product offensive" include the Tiguanmid-sized SUV in 2008 and a Passat Coupe. In 2006 Bernd Pischetsrieder announced his resignation as Volkswagen Group CEO and was replaced by Audi worldwide CEO Martin Winterkorn at the beginning of 2007. Volkswagen began introducing an array of new models after Bernd Pischetsrieder became Volkswagen Group CEO  in the year of 2002. The sixth-generation VW Golf was launched in 2008, came runner-up to the Vauxhall Insignia in the 2009 European Car of the Year, and has spawned several cousins VW Jetta, VW Scirocco, SEAT Leon, SEAT Toledo, Skoda Octavia and Audi A3 hatchback ranges as well as a new mini-MPV, the SEAT Altea. The GTI, a hot hatch performance version of the Golf, boasts a 2.0 L Turbocharged Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI) direct injection engine. in 2006 VW began marketing the Golf under the Rabbit name once again in the U.S. and Canada.
In 2005 Volkswagen maintained North American sales of 224,195. Momentum continued for fiscal 2006, as VW's North American sales for the year were 235,140 vehicles, a 4.9 percent increase over 2005, despite a slump in domestic North American manufacturer's sales. In conjunction with the introduction of new models, production location of Volkswagen vehicles also underwent great change. The 2007 Eos, a hardtop convertible, is produced in a new facility in Portugal. All Golfs/Rabbits and GTIs as of 2006 are manufactured in Wolfsburg, Germany, rather than VW's Mexican factory in Puebla, where Golfs and GTIs for the North American market were produced from 1989 to 1998, and the Brazilian factory in Curitiba, where Golfs and GTIs were produced from 1999 to 2006 (the Jetta has primarily been made in Mexico since 1989). VW is also in the process of reconfiguring an automotive assembly plant in Belgium. The new models and investments in manufacturing improvements were noticed immediately by automotive critics. Favorable reviews for VW's newest cars include the GTI being named by Consumer Reports as the top sporty car under $25,000, one of Car and Driver magazine's "10 Best" for 2007, automobile magazines 2007 Car of the Year, as well as a 2008 Motor Trend comparison ranking the mid-size Passat first in its class.
Volkswagen partnered with Daimler AG and other companies to market the BlueTec clean diesel technology on cars and trucks from Mercedes-Benz, Volkswagen, and other companies and brands. According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency, four of the ten most fuel-efficient vehicles available for sale in the U.S. are powered by Volkswagen diesel engines. Volkswagen has offered a number of its vehicles with a TDI (Turbocharged Direct Injection) engine, which lends class-leading fuel economy to several models. They were a three-way tie for 8th (TDI Beetle, TDI Golf, TDI Jetta) and ninth, the TDI Jetta Wagon. In addition, all Volkswagen TDI diesel engines produced from 1996 to 2006 can be driven on 100% biodiesel fuel. For the 2007 model year, however, strict U.S. government emissions regulations have forced VW to drop most diesel from their U.S. engine lineup, but a new lineup of diesel engines compatible to U.S. standards returned to the American market starting with Model Year 2009. These post-2009 Clean Diesel engines are limited to running on 5% (B5) biodiesel only to maintain Volkswagen's warranty. Volkswagen long resisted adding an SUV to its lineup but relented with the introduction of the Touareg, made in partnership with Porsche, while they worked on the Porsche Cayenne and later the Audi Q7. Though acclaimed as a fine handling vehicle, the Touareg has been a modest seller at best, and it has been criticised by auto reviewers for its absence of a third-row seat, the relatively poor fuel economy, and the high vehicle mass. VW set plans to add a compact SUV with styling influences from the "Concept A" concept vehicle introduced at the 2006 Geneva Auto Show, and on 20 July 2006, VW announced that the new vehicle, called the Tiguan.
Since the discontinuance of the T4 in 2003 and decision not to bring the T5 to the US market, Volkswagen, ironically, lacked a van in its North American lineup. To change this, Volkswagen launched the Volkswagen Routan, a badge-engineered Dodge Grand Caravan made for the American and Canadian markets, in 2008.
In September 2006, Volkswagen began offering the City Golf and City Jetta only for the Canadian market. Both models were originally the Mk4 Golf and Jetta but were later replaced with the Brazilian versions of the Golf Mk4 and Bora. Volkswagen's introduction of such models is seen as a test of the market for a subcompact and, if successful, maybe the beginnings of a thriving subcompact market for Volkswagen.
The VW XL1 began a limited production run in 2013. The XL1 is a lightweight and fuel efficient two-person vehicle (only 795 kg).In May 2011, Volkswagen completed Chattanooga Assembly in the US state of Tennessee. The facility has produced Volkswagen cars and SUVs specifically designed for North American markets, beginning with the Passat B7 in 2011. The company recently announced plans to expand further by investing $900 million to add floor space to the factory.
The Volkswagen Atlas (a large crossover SUV) begins production in late 2016 and aims to help end several years of losses for Volkswagen in the US, the world's second-largest auto market.

VW calls their shift towards electric vehicles "Transform 2025+". As part of the strategy, VW aims to launch more than 30 electric vehicles until 2025, and is anticipating yearly sales of 2 to 3 million electric VW cars by 2025, which would make up 20 to 25 percent of their total yearly sales volume. In September 2017, CEO Matthias Mueller announced plans to have an electric version of all of VW's 300 automotive models by 2030. The company vows to spend 20 billion euros by 2030 to roll out the cars and designated another 50 billion euros to buy the batteries needed to power the vehicles.
Volkswagen announced its partnership with three Israeli cybersecurity experts to create a new company, Cymotive, dedicated to automotive security in sept 2006.
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